What are the 30 human rights?

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The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 10, 1948, lays out a comprehensive list of 30 fundamental human rights that are considered to be inherent to all individuals, regardless of their nationality, ethnicity, religion, gender, or any other characteristic. These rights encompass civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights. Here are the 30 human rights as outlined in the UDHR:

1. Right to Equality:

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.

2. Freedom from Discrimination:

No one shall be subjected to discrimination based on race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth, or other status.

3. Right to Life:

Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person.

4. Freedom from Slavery:

No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

5. Freedom from Torture:

No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment.

6. Recognition as a Person before the Law:

Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

7. Right to Equality before the Law: All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law.

8. Right to Remedy by Competent Tribunal: Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.

9. Freedom from Arbitrary Arrest and Detention: No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention, or exile.

10. Right to a Fair and Public Trial: Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of their rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against them.

11. Presumption of Innocence: Everyone charged with a penal offense has the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty according to law in a public trial at which they have had all the guarantees necessary for their defense.

12. Freedom from Interference with Privacy, Family, Home, and Correspondence: No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with their privacy, family, home, or correspondence, nor to attacks upon their honor and reputation.

13. Right to Free Movement: Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state.

14. Right to Asylum: Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.

15. Right to Nationality: Everyone has the right to a nationality, and no one shall be arbitrarily deprived of their nationality nor denied the right to change nationality.

16. Right to Marriage and Family: Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality, or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage, and at its dissolution.

17. Right to Own Property: Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.

18. Freedom of Thought, Conscience, and Religion: Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience, and religion; this right includes freedom to change their religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest their religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship, and observance.

19. Freedom of Opinion and Expression: Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive, and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.

20. Right to Peaceful Assembly and Association: Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.

21. Right to Participate in Government: Everyone has the right to take part in the government of their country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.

22. Right to Social Security: Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international cooperation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social, and cultural rights indispensable for their dignity and the free development of their personality.

23. Right to Work: Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work, and to protection against unemployment.

24. Right to Rest and Leisure: Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

25. Right to an Adequate Standard of Living: Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of themselves and their family, including food, clothing, housing, and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age, or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond their control.

26. Right to Education: Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.

27. Right to Participate in the Cultural, Artistic, and Scientific Life: Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural, artistic, and scientific life of the community and to enjoy the benefits of progress and its applications.

28. Right to a Social Order That Respects Rights: Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.

29. Duties to the Community: Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of their personality is possible.

30. Freedom from Infringement on Rights: In the exercise of their rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order, and the general welfare in a democratic society.

These 30 human rights, as articulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, serve as a foundational framework for human rights protection and advocacy around the world. They represent a commitment to the principles of dignity, equality, and justice for all individuals, regardless of their background or circumstances.

Author Bio:

I am a passionate blogger. I love to share my thoughts and ideas through blog posting. Antonio Smith has five years of experience in Tech, Business, & Health. I am associated with myfinancein.com, thefinanceknowledge.com, lawforpublic.com, thelegalcasestudies.com, legaladvicejournal.comeconomicsdesk.com, contentnotesjournal.com, economicnewstimes.com, nextfutureofai.com, theworldofev.com

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